Monday, 29 September 2014

What Is Makes Up The Planet Saturn?

Welcome back my fellow learners, as promised more information on our solar system, and the planets within it.

Saturn is sixth from the sun, and the second biggest planet in the entire solar system. Even though the other giants found in our solar system, which are Uranus, Jupiter, and Neptune also possess rings, Saturn is without a doubt the most beautiful.

Saturn is Roman name for Cronus, who in Greek mythology was lord of the Titans. Saturn is also where the English word Saturday is derived from.

Characteristics of Saturn
Saturn is comprises mostly of helium and hydrogen. It is large enough to house more than 760 of our plant Earth, and is bigger than any planet with the exception of Jupiter, it is approximately 95 times of our Earth's mass. But, Saturn has the lowest density of every planet, and is the only planet less dense than water, if it were to be placed in a massive body of water, Saturn would actually float.

Saturn is farthest from Earth, and can actually be seen by the naked eye. The yellow and gold bars visible in its atmosphere are due to the fast winds found in the upper atmosphere, these winds sometimes reach 1,100 mph, mixed with rising heat emitted from the planet's interior.

With the exception of Jupiter, Saturn spins more than any other planet, finishing a rotation every 10 to 11 hours. This spinning makes Saturn bulge at its equator, and flatten at the poles, it is 8,000 miles wider from its equator than between the 2 poles.

Saturn's recent curiosity is the giant hexagon around its north pole, with each side almost 7,500 miles wide, this is large enough to fit 4 of our planet earth inside. Thermal images prove that it reaches around 60 miles into the planet's atmosphere. It still remains uncertain what makes this occur.

Wednesday, 24 September 2014

Welcome back my fellow learners, I plan to produce a series of blogs on our solar system, so stay tuned.

Jupiter is the fourth brightest planet in our solar system, only the Sun, Venus and Moon are brighter. It is one of planets which can be seen by the naked eye from Earth.

Around the 7th or 8th century BC, the Babylonians were one of the first civilisations to record their sighting of Jupiter. Jupiter was actually named after the king of the Roman gods. In Greece, it was named after the god of Thunder, Zeus. The Mesopotamians thought it to be their god Marduk and the patron of Babylon. Germanic cultures said it was Donar, also referred to a the mighty Thor.

Jupiter is said to have the shortest day of all the planets, as it turns once every 9 hours and 55 minutes. This fast rotation has flattened the planet, which gives it an oblate appearance.

Jupiter only orbits the Sun every 11.8 years, which from our point makes it appear to move slowly, taking months to go from one constellation to another.

Jupiter also has unique cloud features, the atmosphere of Jupiter is segmented into cloud belts and areas. They are made mainly from sulphur, ammonia crystals, and a mixture of the two.

The red spot seen on Jupiter is actually said to be a storm, and has been going for the last 350 years, and is so big that 3 of our planet can be fitted inside of it.

Jupiter’s insides are made up of metal, rock, and hydrogen compounds, beneath Jupiter’s atmosphere, are layers of hydrogen gas, liquid metallic hydrogen, and ice to name but a few.

Jupiter’s moon known as Ganymede is the biggest one in the entire solar system,
it measure 5,268 km across, which makes it bigger than Mercury.

Monday, 22 September 2014

What Makes Up Our Sun?

Welcome back my fellow learners, today we are going to learn about our Sun, and what it is composed of.

The sun is basically a huge ball of hot gases. These gases are changed into energy within the sun's core. The energy is then distributed outward via its interior layers, into the sun's atmosphere, and is then sent into the solar system as heat and light.

Most of the gas, which is around 72% is hydrogen. Nuclear fusion changes hydrogen into various elements. The sun is comprised of around 26% helium and minute amounts of other elements, such as carbon, neon, oxygen, magnesium, nitrogen, silicon and iron.

These are created within the sun's core, which makes up 25% of our sun. Gravitational forces create huge pressures and temperatures inside the core. The average temperature of our sun within this layer is approximately 27 million degrees F. To create helium and energy, Hydrogen atoms are compressed and fused together, this is what is known as nuclear fusion.

The energy, primarily in gamma-ray photons and neutrinos, is taken into the radiative zone. Photons bounce around for around a million years before being passed through the interface layer. Scientists speculate that the sun's magnetic field is created by a magnetic dynamo found in this layer.

The convection zone is the outer layer of the sun's insides. It extends about 125,000 miles deep to the sun's atmosphere. Temperatures are then cooled, sufficiently for heavier ions, like carbon, oxygen, calcium, nitrogen and iron to retain their electrons. This means the material is more opaque and encaptures the heat, creating the plasma to convect.

Convective motion takes the heat to the surface, which is the last layer of the sun's atmosphere. This is the layer where energy is sent out as sunlight. The light passes through each outer layer, before getting to the Earth approximately 8 minutes later.

Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Interesting Information On The Planet Mars

Welcome back my fellow learners, today we are going to learn some interesting facts on the Red Planet known as Mars.

Mars, named after the Roman god of war is the fourth planet from the Sun. Often referred to as the Red Planet because of its red appearance. Mars has a thin atmosphere, and is a terrestrial planet, composed mainly of carbon dioxide.

Size: 641,693,000,000,000 billion kg
Diameter: 6,805
Polar Diameter: 6,755
Circumference: 21,297 km
Moons: 2
Visible Moons: Phobos & Deimos
Distance: 227,943,824 km
Orbit Period: 686.98 Earth days
Temperature: -87 to -5 °C
First Recorded By: Egyptian astronomers

Information on Mars
Mars and the Planet Earth have around the same landmass, even though Mars only has 15% of the the Planet Earth’s volume, and a little over 10% of the Planet Earth’s mass, about two thirds of the Planet Earth’s surface is water. Mars gravity is only 37% of that of the Planets Earth’s, which means you could leap three times higher when on Mars.

Mars houses the tallest mountain in the whole solar system.
Olympus Mons, a volcano, is 600km in diameter, and 21km in height. Despite having be around for billions of years, evidence of volcanic activity is recent, and some scientists think it is still active.

Out of all the missions to Mars, only 16 have been successful.
Since the first, USSR’s missions was launched in1960. Europe’s Mars program, which is scheduled to leave in 2016, plans to search for possible life on Mars, and to study the surface, take note of any potential hazards for future launches and start preparations for a return flight.

Monday, 15 September 2014

The History Of The Isle Of Man TT's

Welcome back my fellow learners, today we are going to learn how the Isle of Man TT's actually began and who started it.

It was the spirit of competition which brought the TT competition to the Island, because racing on the motorways of England were impossible, and were forbidden by an Act of Parliament, and the introduction in 1903 of a ridiculously low speed of 20mph limit. Sir Julian Orde, who was then the Secretary of the Auto Club of Great Britain and Ireland, went to the Isle of Man in February of 1904 because he had a shrewd idea the Manx authorities would take on a more conciliatory attitude towards racing on their public roads.

And he was proved right. The Highways Act 1904 granted permission in the Isle of Man for the 52.15 mile course for the Gordon Bennett Car Trial in 1904, this was the British trial for the European racing championships.

It was not until the next year a trial race for motorbikes was introduced, the next day after the Gordon Bennett Car Trial. However, back then motorbikes were not as powerful, and had major problems climbing the steep mountain section, this meant the race was redirected and didn’t return to the Mountains till 1911.

The new route from Douglas south to Castletown, then north to Ballacraine travelling the A3 road, then returning to the beginning at Douglas from Colby and Glen Vine along the TT Course in a reverse direction. This was won by J.S. Campbell in 4 hours, 9 minutes and 36 seconds.

The new race was brought forward by the Editor of The Motor-Cycle Magazine on 17th January 1907. The races were to be run in two different classes, with the single cylinder bikes averaging 90 mpg, and twin cylinder bike averaging 75 mpg. This was performed to show the road touring nature of motorbikes. The organisers insisted on regulations for pedals, saddles, exhausts and mudguards.

So there you have it my lovelies, how the famous TT's were founded, and by whom.

Wednesday, 10 September 2014

Were The Moon Landings A Hoax?

Welcome back my fellow learners, today we are going to learn about if the moon landings were the biggest cover up since Roswell, read on and draw your own conclusions.

The theory which states the moon landings were a hoax perpetrated by the US government to gain a victory in the space over Russia, is something that has grown in popularity as time has gone by.

Statistics indicate that around 20% of Americans think the U.S. never landed on the moon. After the Apollo landings finished in the seventies, why is it we have never gone back? Only during Richard Nixon's term did we land on the moon, and after Watergate people wouldn’t put it past Tricky Dick to create a hoax to put America back into good standing in the Cold War.

In this list I have collated some of evidence to suggest the moon landings never happened. I have included NASA’s explanations with each entry to offer a more objective perspective.

Conspiracy theorists point out that when the first landing was seen on live television, viewers could see the American flag waving in the breeze, as Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin installed it. Photos of the landing seem to show a breeze. The obvious problem is there’s no air in the atmosphere, and therefore no wind would make the flag ripple.

Countless explanations have been given to disprove this phenomenon as anything out of the ordinary, NASA stated the flag was kept within a thin tube and the rippling was created by it unfurling before it was planted. Other explanations are the ripples were caused by the reaction of the astronauts touching the pole, which is shown to shake in the footage.

Had NASA really gone to the moon, there would be a blast crater beneath the lunar module to show where it landed. On any video footage or pictures, no crater is seen, almost as though it was just put there. The surface of the moon has a covering of fine dust, and even this doesn’t seem to be displaced in any photographic pictures or video footage.

Monday, 8 September 2014

Roswell – Fact or Fiction?

Welcome back my fellow learners, today we are going to learn about Roswell, what really happened there, and are we alone in this vast universe?

This blog is provide the most interesting facts about the Roswell UFO Crash in July 1947. According to the US government the Rowell incident is explained away by a weather balloon from a classified program known as Mogul. Since people know very little about the eye witnesses which have come forward over the past decades, this should be an interesting journey for anybody wanting to know more on this controversial subject.

The first aspect is that there was not just one crash site, but two, this was confirmed by witnesses working at Roswell Air Base at the time. Apart from these two sites there are another two, which could fall into the category of alleged sites. There are rumours on further crash sites but these will not be discussed in this blog.

The first site was around 30 to 40 miles north of Roswell
The second 75 miles north-west
The third 50 miles west of Roswell
The fourth around 200 miles west of Roswell

Walter G. Haut was born in 1922, and stationed at the Roswell Army Air Base, New Mexico as the Public Information Officer in 1947. He signed an a affidavit to be released upon his death. In it he made the following statements.

On July 7th 1947 a crashed vehicle was reported to the base, and Major Jesse Marcel was sent to investigate. On the same afternoon, more civilians reported a second crash site just north of Roswell. In a meeting on July 8th Jesse Marcel reported a debris field 75 miles North West of Roswell. Colonel William Blanchard reported on a second site just 40 miles north of Roswell. Samples of the debris was passed around, they appeared to be metal foil, however they were absurdly strong, the debris had markings on it also. It was decided upon to divert attention from the more important site north of Roswell, due to the fact too many outsiders had heard about it.

On July 8th Colonel Blanchard gave a press release to Walter Haut that stated, we have a flying saucer which came from a ranch north west of Roswell, and the debris was sent by Jesse Marcel to headquarters. After the press release was sent, Walter's telephone began to receive calls worldwide, Colonel Blanchard found out about the interest and told Walter to go home. Before he left Colonel Blanchard took Walter Haut to a hanger, in which he saw an egg shaped object around 12 to 15 feet in length, and 6 feet high. He also say many dead alien bodies the same size of 10 year old children.

Wednesday, 3 September 2014

What Is the Mystery behind the Bermuda Triangle?

The Bermuda Triangles spans a region in the Atlantic Ocean, falling between Puerto Rico and Florida.

The Bermuda Triangle has been the site where several mysterious plane and boat incidents have happened.

While it is said that the Bermuda Triangle may have a link to paranormal activity, several investigations show that bad weather and human error are the likely causes, however, there are some incidents which just defy explanation.

Research suggest that original reports of strange incidents occurring within the Bermuda Triangle are exaggerated, and the actual number of incidents within this area is similar to other parts of the ocean.

While its reputation does scare most people, the Bermuda Triangle is in reality part of a regularly sailed shipping route that with cruise ships and other boats frequently sail through.

Aircraft are also regularly seen in the Bermuda Triangle, with private and commercial planes flying through this air space.

Stories of unexplained disappearances began to reach public awareness in the 1950's, and have been constantly reported from then.

Unverified paranormal explanations about the Bermuda Triangle have included UFO’s and even the lost continent of Atlantis.

Other explanations include magnetic anomalies, pirates, deliberate scuttling, hurricanes, gas pockets, bad weather, massive waves and again human error.

Some famous report involving the Bermuda Triangle include:

The USS Cyclops and its entire crew of 309 in 1918, which went missing after leaving Barbados.

The TBM Avenger bombers which disappeared in 1945 while performing a training flight over the Atlantic Ocean.

A Douglas DC-3 aircraft housing 32 people which went missing in 1958, no trace of them was ever found.

A yacht was found in 1955 which had survived three hurricanes, however, all its crew were not on-board, and never found.

So there you have it my lovelies, believe what you will, but I always say, there is no smoke without fire, and legends and myths are borne for a reason.